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Congress President Mallikarjun Kharge and leaders from other opposition parties are meeting in Bengaluru for two days to discuss forming a united front to face the BJP in the 2019 elections. The meeting’s important topics are highlighted in this article, including Congress’s attitude on power and the Prime Minister’s position, the prospective name of the opposition front, and the involvement of prominent personalities.
Congress President Mallikarjun Kharge has stated that his party is not motivated by a desire for power or the position of Prime Minister. Taking a shot at the BJP, he slammed their efforts to repair ties with former allies, claiming that the BJP acquired its majority by relying on the votes of its allies and then abandoning them. Kharge emphasised that the opposition led by the Congress consists of 26 parties, 11 of which are in government in various states.
Name and Members of Opposition Parties and Front
According to sources, the opposition parties group could be called I-N-D-I-A (Indian National Democratic Inclusive Alliance). The Left parties, on the other hand, have raised qualms about the term “alliance” and have asked for its reconsideration. Sonia Gandhi, the former UPA chairwoman, is expected to be chosen President of the Front, with Nitish Kumar acting as Convenor.
The gathering in Bengaluru includes Congress president Mallikarjun Kharge, Rahul Gandhi, Chief Ministers MK Stalin, Nitish Kumar, Arvind Kejriwal, Hemant Soren, Mamata Banerjee, and RJD chief Lalu Prasad, among others. Sharad Pawar, whose party recently witnessed a split, also joined the meeting.
Nomenclature and Common Minimum Programme
All Opposition Parties have been asked to come up with a name for the front, with the proviso that it contains the word “India.” The slogan “United we stand” has been suggested. Suggestions are also being solicited for the Common Minimum Programme, which outlines the opposition’s united agenda. The discussion emphasised the importance of keeping state concerns distinct.
Reconciliation and Collaboration
Mamata Banerjee and Sonia Gandhi sat together at the Taj West End Hotel dinner meeting, reflecting a warming of tensions between the Congress and the Trinamool Congress. Both Opposition Parties recognise the importance of defeating the BJP in order to protect democracy and federalism.
BJP Congress History
The relationship between the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the Indian National Congress, popularly known as the Congress, is an important chapter in Indian politics. These two major political parties have shaped the country’s political environment, and their interactions have been distinguished by rivalry, competition, and occasional collaboration.
The BJP was formed in 1980 by the merging of many right-wing political organisations, especially the Bharatiya Janata Sangh (BJS). The Congress, on the other hand, has a considerably longer history, dating back to the Indian National Congress, which was created in 1885 during the British colonial era. Congress initially dominated Indian politics due to its deep roots and established presence.
Due to Congress’ dominance, the BJP fought for many years to establish itself as a significant national political force. However, the rise of the Ram Janmabhoomi movement in the late 1980s marked a critical turning point. This campaign aimed to build a temple dedicated to Lord Ram near the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh. The BJP, along with other Hindu nationalist organisations, aggressively backed the cause, and the movement helped the BJP achieve considerable attention and support.
In the 1990s, India’s political environment saw a major upheaval. The creation of a coalition government led by Atal Bihari Vajpayee in 1998 heralded the BJP’s ascension to power. Despite the BJP’s gaining clout, the Congress Party remained a formidable foe, notably in various states across the country.
Over the years, the BJP and Congress have fought harsh electoral elections. Ideological differences, regional interests, and opposing policy approaches have frequently defined their political rivalry. Both parties have built strong voter bases and pursued unique agendas.
Occasionally, the BJP and Congress have discovered common ground and worked together for the greater good. When securing power at the state or national level, coalitions and alliances have been created. These coalitions have demonstrated the dynamism of Indian politics as well as the pragmatic attitude followed by both parties.
BJP has had great success in recent years, earning a strong mandate in the 2014 and 2019 national elections. This has established the party as the dominating force in Indian politics, while the Congress party has suffered electoral reverses and has battled to reclaim its former strength.
The history of BJP-Congress relations reflects India’s changing political landscape. It emphasises the interplay of power relations, ideological disputes, and political supremacy. The constant rivalry between these two parties shapes Indian politics, ensuring a dynamic democracy with a varied range of viewpoints and voices.
The opposition parties meeting in Bengaluru indicates their resolve to establish a united front against the BJP in the next elections. Under Mallikarjun Kharge’s leadership, the Congress has maintained a cooperative stance, professing receptivity to the ideas of other leaders. The Congress’ recent victory in Karnataka has boosted the opposition’s morale and strengthened the party’s standing inside the coalition. The gathering serves of Opposition Parties as a forum for critical topic talks, with additional meetings and deliberations scheduled to improve the opposition’s unity and prepare for the upcoming electoral campaign.