5 March 2024

Trendy Texts

Business, World, Economy, Tech, Sports News

Lancet Survey

Lancet Survey: Over 11% Indians Are Diabetic, 36% Have Hypertension 

Lancet Survey: Indians are well aware that diabetes, pre-diabetes, and hypertension are on the rise throughout the Asian continent. According to a recent study published in The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology journal, the prevalence of diabetes in India is 11.4%, with 35.5% and 15.3% of people suffering from hypertension and prediabetes, respectively. 

The study may have shown that, as a result of rising urbanisation and the Covid pandemic, India became a sicker nation beset by lifestyle disorders.

The Madras Diabetes Research Foundation (MDRF) study, conducted in association with the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and funded by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, also discovered that the prevalence of generalised obesity and abdominal obesity in India was 28.6 and 39.5 percent, respectively.

In 2021, India is expected to have 254 million people with generalised obesity and 351 million with abdominal obesity, according to estimates.

According to the Lancet Survey and largest epidemiological study on diabetes and noncommunicable diseases (NCD), India would have 101 million individuals with diabetes, 136 million with prediabetes, and 315 million with high blood pressure in 2021.

Except for prediabetes, all metabolic NCDs were more common in cities than in rural regions. Diabetes to prediabetes ratios were less than one in numerous states with poorer human development indexes.

Also Read: An Introduction to Hormone Dependent Breast Cancer (HDBC): The Crucial Role of Hormone Status in Breast Cancer

Lancet Survey: State wise division

The team by Lancet Survey discovered that the prevalence of diabetes in India was around 7.5% in 2017, implying that the burden has increased by more than 50% since then.

Lancet Survey

Among the states, Goa (26.4%) had the greatest prevalence of diabetes and Uttar Pradesh (4.8%) had the lowest, while Sikkim (31.3%) and Mizoram (6.8%) had the highest and lowest burdens of prediabetes, respectively.

According to the study, Punjab had the highest prevalence of hypertension (51.8%), while Meghalaya had the highest burden (24.3%).

Experts sound alarm

“The sharp rise in NCDs can be attributed primarily to people’s lifestyle choices, such as diet, physical activity, stress levels, and so on.” The good news is that therapies can be employed to slow down the tendency. Our research has multiple implications for the planning and provision of health care in India,” MDRF President Dr. R. M. Anjana told PTI.

“In India, the diabetes epidemic is in transition according to Lancet Survey, with some states having already reached peak rates and others just getting started.” “These states may see an increase in prevalence over the next 3-5 years before plateauing,” said Anjana, the study’s primary author.

“In India, the overall incidence of diabetes and other metabolic NCDs is significantly higher than previously estimated.” While the diabetes epidemic is stabilising in the country’s more developed states, it is still spreading in the majority of the country’s other states, according to the study’s authors.

“As a result, there are serious implications for the nation, necessitating urgent state-specific policies and interventions to arrest India’s rapidly rising epidemic of metabolic NCDs,” they said.