5 March 2024

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National rankings 2023

National Rankings 2023: IIT-Madras Top Institution For 5th Year, IISc Top University

NIRF Overall Ranking 2023: The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)-Madras has retained its position as the best higher education institution in the country for the fifth consecutive year, according to the latest national rankings 2023 announced by the Minister of State for Education, Rajkumar Ranjan Singh, on Monday.

In terms of outcomes, the newest edition of the National Institute Ranking Framework (National Rankings 2023) revealed no big surprises, with the IITs maintaining their supremacy in most categories. IIT-Madras also took first place in engineering for the eighth year in a row and was rated as the second-best research institution in the country, narrowly missing out on first place by 2.2 points to the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) in Bengaluru.

Interestingly, IISc, which was named the best research university in the world by QS World University Rankings, ahead of Harvard, Princeton University, and MIT, was pushed to second place in the ‘overall’ category for the sixth year in a row. A detailed examination of the score breakdown reveals that IISc (with 83.09 points) trails IIT-Madras (86.69 points) in areas such as student strength, online education, published and awarded patents, and the number of socially and economically marginalised students.

Furthermore, Institutes of National Importance established by an Act of Parliament dominate this category. In the ‘overall’ category, 36 are INIs like IITs and NITs, 26 are state universities, and seven are central universities.

IIT-Delhi, IIT-Bombay, IIT-Kanpur, All Indian Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) in Delhi, IIT-Kharagpur, IIT-Roorkee, IIT-Guwahati, and Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) been ranked third to tenth in the ‘overall’ category. The top ten institutions in this category are mostly unchanged from previous year’s rankings compare to National rankings 2023, with the exception being AIIMS, which gained three positions and moved up from Rank 9 to Rank 6 this year.

national rankings 2023

The National rankings 2023 study also recognises top-performing higher education institutions’ sustained rankings throughout time. “…over the years, the ranking of institutions has largely remained consistent, particularly among the top 25 institutions, though individual ranks for some institutions may have changed by a few slots due to performance variations across institutions on some of the parameters.” This suggests that the set of factors utilised for ranking is compact, coherent, and interdependent,” according to the research.

NIRF-2023 evaluated 5,543 higher education institutions in 13 categories: ‘overall’, universities, medical, engineering, management, law, architecture, colleges, research institutions, pharmacy, dental, agriculture and allied industries, and innovation. This year saw the introduction of the agriculture category.

Teaching, learning, and resources (30%); research and professional practise (30%); graduation outcomes (20%); outreach and inclusivity (10%); and perception (10%) were the five criteria used to evaluate the participating institutions.

Anil Kumar Nassa, Secretary of the National Board of Accreditation, which publishes the NIRF rankings annually, stated at the NIRF-2023 (National rankings 2023) unveiling that these factors match with India’s “culture and ethos.” He stressed that the NIRF was established to address the shortcomings of international rankings, which sometimes fail to include country-specific factors when evaluating universities.

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IISc, JNU, Jamia Millia Islamia, Jadavpur University, and Banaras Hindu University are the top five universities in that order. Private ownership accounts for over half of the top 100 institutions. Manipal Academy of Higher Education-Manipal is ranked sixth, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham is ranked seventh, Vellore Institute of Technology is ranked eighth, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences is ranked thirteenth, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan is ranked fifteenth, and Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology is ranked sixteenth. Interestingly, Ashoka University, which debuted in the NIRF in 2021 at 95th and rose to 88th last year, is not among the top 100 universities this year.

Miranda House at Delhi University has been named the top college in the country for the seventh year in a row, followed by Hindu College, Presidency College in Chennai, PSGR Krishnammal College for Women in Coimbatore, and St. Xavier’s College in Kolkata.

National rankings 2023: IITs Supremacy

The IITs maintain their engineering supremacy, securing eight of the top ten rankings. IIT-Madras leads the pack, with Delhi, Mumbai, Kanpur, Roorkee, Kharagpur, Guwahati, and Hyderabad occupying places 2 to 8, respectively. Notably, Jadavpur University debuted in the top 10 club at tenth place, moving up from eleventh place previous year. IITs and NITs hold 53 of the top 100 rankings in this category.

While the Union government-funded and administered institutions lead most NIRF categories, state universities outweigh central institutions in the medical category. Here, 17 of the top 100 are state universities, compared to 12 that are governed and funded centrally.

While AIIMS-Delhi, PGIMER in Chandigarh, and Christian Medical College in Vellore have consistently been placed at the top in medicine, IIM-Ahmedabad, IIM-Bangalore, and IIM-Kozhikode have been ranked as the best B-schools in that order since the category was introduced in NIRF-2018.

national rankings 2023

In addition, as in previous years, the NIRF-2023 (National rankings 2023) study notes that just 35% of faculty in engineering institutes outside the top 100 have PhD degrees, up from 33% last year. “This is a significant disadvantage because mentorship received during doctoral training can play a critical role in preparing faculty for a teaching career in higher education,” according to the paper. In addition, the average annual pay of engineering students has increased from Rs 3.5 lakh to Rs 4.5 lakh.

According to the report, the top 100 engineering institutions contribute up to 66.15% of the high quality papers or HCPs, with the remaining 1,139 participating and qualifying engineering institutions producing only 33.85% of HCPs. “However, in the case of management, pharmacy, and research institutions, 87.01%, 85.07%, and 88.23% HCP is attributable to the top 100 institutions, respectively,” according to the report.

In the NIRF 2022 rankings, IISc Bangalore was ranked first among all institutions in the research and universities category, and second overall. IIT Madras won first place in the overall ranking category.

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