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The recent government shift in Afghanistan following the Taliban takeover in August 2021 has harmed not only the economy but also the welfare of the Afghan people, according to the World Bank in its recent report “Women, Business, and the Law 2023,” according to TOLOnews.
In the World Bank’s most recent evaluation, Afghanistan was one of 11 economies with the lowest ranks for Women, Business, and Law.
According to the World Bank, violent conflicts and high levels of institutional and social fragility have an impact on the quality of institutions and policies, notably governments’ ability to undertake reforms.
“Of the 27 low-income economies examined, 11 have the lowest Women, Business, and the Law scores and are also in fragile and conflict-affected situations, including Afghanistan, Chad, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, the Syrian Arab Republic, and the Republic of Yemen,” according to the report, according to TOLOnews.
The Afghan “Taliban administration” issued decrees and orders that limited women’s freedom of movement and employment prospects, according to the report.
“The recent regime change in the country has had a negative impact on both the economy and the welfare of the Afghan people, particularly women and girls,” according to the research.
According to the report, the final count of changes widening Afghanistan’s legal gender gap is based solely on what is discernible in writing, “given the uncertainty over the applicable legal framework in Afghanistan and because unwritten rules are not considered under the Women, Business, and the Law methodology.”
Women, according to some Afghan women business owners, play an important role in the country’s economy and economic climate, according to TOLOnews.
“The people’s economy is in danger.” They examine the situation and make a decision, but they cannot afford it. “Handcrafted goods are expensive because they are made by hand,” says female entrepreneur Lailuma.
Taliban Severe Limits
“We should be encouraged, and we should be given projects.” It is not acceptable that projects are just available to men; they should also be available to women. “We should not look down on women and should financially support them,” added Sonia, another female entrepreneur.
The Taliban has imposed severe limits on women and girls’ rights to free expression, association, assembly, and movement.
In addition, Taliban officials have ignored international pleas for women and girls to be allowed equal access to school and jobs. They appear to have also issued cautions to other countries not to interfere in Afghanistan’s domestic affairs.
The Taliban have prohibited girls from attending secondary school, restricted women’s and girls’ freedom of movement, disallowed women from most occupations, and prohibited women from utilising parks, gyms, and public bathhouses.